|TRIZ Paper: Japan TRIZ Symposium 2010|
|The Ideal of TRIZ
TRIZ as the Way of Life? Part 2
|Toshio Takahara ( )|
|The Sixth TRIZ Symposium in Japan,
Held by Japan TRIZ Society on Sept. 9-11, 2010 at Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Atsugi, Kanagawa, Japan
|Introduction (from "Personal Report of Japan TRIZ Symosium 2010" ) by Toru Nakagawa (OGU), Apr. 14, 2011|
|Posted: Sept. 25, 2010|
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Editor's Note (Toru Nakagawa, Sept. 24, 2011)
This paper was presented last year by Yukie Hanaoka in a Poster session of the 6th TRIZ Symposium in Japan, 2010 . Japan TRIZ Society has posted the presentation slides of this paper, among other contributed papers, in PDF in its Members-only page of the Official Site since last March.
For wider circulation of TRIZ papers, I have selected about half of the papers presented at the Japan TRIZ Symposium 2010 and am posting them publicly in this Web site both in English and in Japanese, under the permission of the authors. Nakagawa's introduction/review to each paper was written and posted in "Personal Report of Japan TRIZ Symosium 2010" from November 2010 to April 2011, and is reposted in each page of the paper.
The present page is composed of the followings:
English page (the present page) Japanese page Abstract (in HTML) (in PDF ) Extended Absract (in HTML)
(in PDF )
Presentation slides in PDF Presentation slides in PDF Full Paper in PDF Nakagawa's Introduction (Excerpt of "Personal Report") --
This is a philosophical and sophisticated paper. The Author wants to explain/describe everything not only in technology, but also in human and society world, in a systematic manner. He expanded the concept of 'Objects' to be 'Everything we can recognize', thus containing not only substances, systems, ideas, etc. but also movements, changes, processes, etc. With these widened concepts, he tries to describe the 'Ideal of TRIZ' in a formal way as the transformation from the problem situations to the solutions. He suggests the importance of Radical Thinking for Enumeration as the basis for theoretical thinking. A much elaborated paper, I believe.
The Ideal of TRIZ
TRIZ as the Way of Life? Part 2
Toshio Takahara ( )
The 6th Japan TRIZ Symposium 2010
Held by Japan TRIZ Society on Sept. 9-11, 2010
at Kanagawa Institute of Technology, Atsugi, Kanagawa, Japan
TRIZ could be applicable to every area including technological area and institutional area because TRIZ is an assemblage of methods consisting of changing one attribute, solving contradictions, segmenting and merging of attributes and objects, as I presented at the 4th Japan TRIZ Symposium.
This paper surveys an idea of object, methods and thought of TRIZ. I will investigate the movement of objects of consciousness at the beginning process of barter as an example in the area which usual TRIZ does not deal with. And I will show unified four types of realization of purposes and propose a radical thinking for enumeration
1. The Ideal Method of TRIZ
The ideal of the theory to recognize and change the world is that everyone can objectify everything one can recognize and one can change them by specifying one of possible types of change to fulfil proper purposes immediately.
We have three types of purposes in resolving differences which is intentional change common in every area.
1) Make new function ： Make new system or add new function to existing system
2) Solve issues ： Solve problems in existing system
3) Idealize： Improve functions in existing system or realize existing functions with less resources
We have three types of transformation to realize purposes as follows.
1) Transform purpose into type of Object change
P- O1： Transform purpose into type of Object change within one attributes of one Object by each purpose.
P- O2 (PC) - S： Handling Physical Contradiction. Transform purpose into Physical Contradiction with two values of one attribute of one Object.
P- O2 (TC) - S： Handling Technical Contradiction in advance. Transform purpose into Technical Contradiction with two attributes of one Object. Expansion of usual Technical Contradiction.
2) Transform type of Object change to the other type of Object change
O1- O1： Transform type of Object change to the other type of Object change
Change of one attribute can cause deleting Object, generating Object or changing number of attributes according to the law of the mutual transformation of quantitative and qualitative changes or its expansion.
O1- O2: Transform by side-effect autonomously
O2- O2 (TC) - S: Handling Technical Contradiction to deal with side effects.
3) Transform type of Object change into solution
O1- S: Transform type of Object change into solution within one value of one attribute of one Object. This types consists of three types.
O2- S: Transform type of Object change into solution within two attributes of two Objects
As a combination of these results we get four types of resolving differences which is intentional change.
1) P- O1, (O1- O1), O1- S: We can try this type at first for all purposes.
2) P- O1, (O1- O1), O1- O2, O2- O2 (TC), O2- S: If case 1）would cause side effects we should solve Technical Contradiction afterwards.
3) P- O2(PC), O2- S: Solve Physical Contradiction in advance.
4) P- O2（TC）, O2- S: Solve Technical Contradiction in advance.
2. The Ideal Thought of TRIZ: Radical thinking for enumeration
Thought is viewpoint, attitude and framework of method to decide details of method.
The ideal thought of TRIZ is radical thinking for enumeration which consists of two parts.
First part is viewpoint and attitudes grasping movement to be changed at this moment and always keeping proper viewpoint and attitude; "to be or not to be", function and granularity, definition from outside and inside, modesty and criticism.
For second part of radical thinking for enumeration we need to take some time to enumerate candidates of image of recognition and change from among everything recognizable and changeable and to investigate possibility of extreme change radically.
Extende Abstract, PDF in English Extended Abstract in Japanese
 Presentation Slides and Full Papers in PDF
Presentation Slides in English in PDF (32 slides, 283 KB)
Presentation Slides in Japanese in PDF (32 slides, 183 KB)
Full Paper in English in PDF (10 pages, 203 KB)
Full Paper in Japanese in PDF (8 pages, 383 KB)
 Introduction by Nakagawa:
Personal Report of
The Sixth TRIZ Symposium in Japan, 2010
Part H. Applications to Soft & Non-technical Areas
Toru Nakagawa (Osaka Gakuin University)
Mar. 30, 2011 (Posted on Apr. 14, 2011)
Toshio Takahara ( ) [J06, O-10] gave an Oral presentation with the title of "The Ideal of TRIZ: TRIZ as the Way of Life? Part 2". This presentation is philosophical and very much sophisticated as usual for the Author. However, surprisingly, once we accept his definitions of terms, the Author's statements are quite straight and clear, having much insights, I believe. I will try to introduce the Author's thought by use of his slides (and also backup descriptions in his full paper written both in English and in Japanese). Let's read the Author's Abstract first:
TRIZ could be applicable to every area including technological area and institutional area because TRIZ is an assemblage of methods consisting of changing one attribute, solving contradictions, segmenting and merging of attributes and objects, as I presented at the 4th Japan TRIZ Symposium. This paper surveys an idea of object, methods and thought of TRIZ. I will investigate the movement of objects of consciousness at the beginning process of barter as an example in the area which usual TRIZ does not deal with. And I will show unified four types of realization of purposes and propose a radical thinking for enumeration.
First, the Author wants to consider not only technology but also the whole area of human life and human society. Thus as an example, he considers about the start (or invention) of "barter" in some old stage of human history. He poses the question in the slide (below-left) and considers the logical answers in the slide (below-right). "Barter" is discussed here as an simple, basic example of institution of human society.
The slide (right) shows the Author's scope in a simple manner. Technology is an assemblage of matter and its 'movements' (or action), he says. Person can work with matter onto outer real world. Institution is an assemblage of common idea and its movements, he observes. Person can work with idea onto real world of human society.
Human wants to resolve the differences (or gaps) between his/her desire and the present reality and try to change the reality intentionally. This is the basis of all human activities, which are carried out via technology and institution. Person act on Person and/or Matter in a general sense.
With such a broad scope in mind, the Author tries to formulate how we can achieve 'Resolving differences' in a general context. For this purpose, the Author uses the 'radical thinking' of enumerating or classifying everything we can recognize and every change or modification we make intentionally.
For understanding the direction which the Author guides us, it may be useful here for us to read the Author's Conclusion (see slide (right)).
The Author tries to enumerate (or list up and classify) everything. Every thing recognized in the world is called 'Object' by the Author; while every change we make is called 'Modification' (or 'Change' or 'Realization').
The Author calls the goal of this trial 'Ideal TRIZ', because the present TRIZ has much of its basis and yet has to be expanded further. Understanding of the Object (in the extended sense by the Author) and function (or rather 'Modification' in the Author's term) forms the basis of this work.
The basis of 'Ideal TRIZ' is the understanding of 'Object'. The ordinary definition of Object (in TRIZ) is similar to the one defined by Victor Fey shown in the slide (right). But the Author wants to extend the concept much wider.
The slide (right) explains the 'Object' in the Author's definition. 'An element of anything recognizable' is called 'Object'. Thus in addition to ordinary Matter, the Author includes 'Idea' (or fixed 'Mind'). He also included 'Movement' or 'Action' in his 'Object', making a sub category of 'Process Object'. Movement is process from a viewpoint of time, while Action is process from a viewpoint of relation between Objects. Function is (primarily) the Meaning of Process Object (i.e., Movement or Action).
'Granularity' is also an important concept in the Author's logical scheme in grasping each Object.
The slide (right) illustrates the structure of an 'Object'. 'Object' is grasped in some Granularity, i.e., size, magnitude or scope in space and/or time, and degree of abstraction. 'Object' has inner structure (i.e., elements and their relations) and so-to-speak outer structure (namely, granularity). This allows the hierarchical understanding of Object.
Attributes or Property is content of Object with specific description. Attributes (in a wider sense) is everything that concretely describe Object and contain Attributes (in a narrow sense, as shown in the slide (right)) and inner structure. Object, having inner structure and Attributes, produce Function to the outside, or Real World.
Another basis of the Author's theory is the understanding of the types of Change (or Modification, or Movement/Action) in various TRIZ operations. The slide (right) is such a summary the Author presented in 2008. Each TRIZ operation, such as those listed in 40 Inventive Principles, is essentially a function which converts a state (of some object(s) with some attribute(s)) into another. The state transition diagram in the slide (right) enumerate all such operations, under the limit of 2 Objects and 2 Attributes. The Author notices the handling 'Technical contradiction' and 'Physical contradiction' is included well in this representation.
On the basis of these concepts which the Author built up previously and has summarized so far, the Author has extended his theory of 'Resolving Differences' towards 'Ideal TRIZ', which can systematically describe and guide the whole process. Let's follow his logic:
The slide (right) describes the starting point of the Author's approach of the 'Ideal of TRIZ'. As explained above, the Author found TRIZ an assemblage of formal methods which cover all types of change (or modification) of Objects. Thus, TRIZ could be a unified method formally applicable to every action in every area. Depending on the applied area and on the purpose, the contents of operations may change but the form can be the same, the Author viewed. Thus TRIZ may be extended from technology area to much wider areas as the theoretical framework of operational science. This is the starting point of his approach presented in this work.
The slide (right) shows the Purpose for us to use 'the Ideal of TRIZ' and hence the Purpose for the Author to build it. The aim of 'the Idea of TRIZ' is to make everyone able to fulfill his/her proper Purposes by dealing with Objects and by specifying Changes among them. Since Objects can represent everything we can recognize, and since the Changes can cover any type of operation, our framework of 'the Ideal of TRIZ' should be able to describe any procedure we want to have. (The phrase 'immediately without any resources' is inserted here because this is the theoretical 'ideal' case.)
The slide (right) discusses on the Purposes for us to use 'the Idea of TRIZ'. There are three viewpoints of Purposes, the Author says. (1) Make new function (by making a new system with the desired function or by adding the function to the existing system). (2) Solve issues/problems in the existing system. and (3) Idealize the existing functions. The differences of these three viewpoints are relative, i.e., not essential, because they can be reformulated into one another by using the terminology of Objects (i.e., readjusting the granularity (or scope) of the Object we are going to handle). In this sense the Author express the Purpose as a single starting point in the subsequent procedure.
The overall procedure of 'the Ideal of TRIZ' is shown in the slide (right). As you see this is similar to the 'Four Box Scheme' (or in some other sense to Nakagawa's 'Six Box Scheme'), but not the same. (1) The first stage is to clarify the Purpose P and transform it into some type of Object change. (2) Then in the second stage, the types of Object change are transformed into other types. (3) In the third stage, the type of Object change is now transformed into a Solution S. In the subsequent stage the Solution need to be realized in the Real World. We should note that the lower three boxes depend on the view points of Purpose and the area of application, i.e. the Real World, while the upper two boxes are independent of them and belong to the thinking world.
(1) Stage 1 for transforming Purpose into some type of Object change is described formally in the three ways as shown in the slides (below-left and below-right). [*** Sorry but I cannot follow the detail of logic here. We need to refer to the Author's previous papers on the definitions of O1, O2(PC), O2(TC), etc.]
(2) Stage 2: Transformations from one type of Object change into another are as follows:
(3) Stage 3: Transformation from a type of Object change into a solution S has the varieties as shown in the slides (below-left and below-right). In these slides the Author mentions as the Methods about Object transformation (Principles U, P, M, D) and Object operation (Principle R). They all came from the TRIZ 40 Inventive Principles, reformulated and reclassified in the Author's framework. For example, Principle U is defined as "Object 1 and Movement (or Action) can change attributes of Object 2 (or Object 2 itself)"; thus the Author writes a comment in the slide (below-left): "Substance-Field" is one of the cases where Object is Matter in Principle U.
Combining the stages (1)(2)(3) together, the Author has found the four types of Realization procedure. All these are the routes from the Purpose P, via various forms of formulations in the middle, finally to the Solution S. In the full paper the Author writes:
We can try Type 1 at first for all purposes. This is to change one attribute, delete or generate attribute or delete or generate Object. A case of autonomous transformation by law O1-O1 may happen. If Type 1 would cause side effects we should solve Technical Contradiction afterwards. In Type 3, we solve Physical Contradictions in advance, and in Type 4, we solve Technical Contradiction in advance.
In the slide (right), the Author writes his findings what TRIZ needs, on the basis of his experiences of building 'the Ideal of TRIZ'. First he suggests 'Proper attitude for Object, granularity, function, etc.' He meant the extension of these definitions as he proposed here for the purpose of recognizing and handling all the things not only in technology but also human and society. Second he suggests the needs of enhancing/extending the logical structure and exhaustiveness in Object and methods. Current state of TRIZ provides a large mixture of elements and knowledge bases (as listed in the slide (right)), but lacks logical structure and exhaustiveness in them. Third he suggests the needs to activate radical thinking for enumeration.
In the last part of the presentation, the Author further went on to show some sample results of his work with Radical Thinking for enumeration. It is an approach to try to list up a variety of cases as widely as possible, to find the structure in them, and to understand all possible cases in a general way. He first shows the structure of contradictions in the two slides (below-left and below-right).
The Author shows two more slides in his presentation. It describes the outline of radical thinking for structural enumeration to achieve possible extreme change in situation-independent area (such as TRIZ) and in situation-dependent area (i.e. concerning to the Real World). I am omitting them in this introduction.
[*** The Author, Mr. Toshio Takahara, has been working intensively for these eight years or so by himself, after his retirement of a manufacturing company. Please refer to the page of "A Collection of Papers Written by Toshio Takahara (2003-2007)" and his presentation at TRIZ Symposium 2009 . I am going to make a separate page of the present paper. I heartily wish him for good health to extend his thoughts further and further. I hope some of you will come and understand his approach better and push it further ahead.]
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