From the Editor:

A Summary of My Recent Research: 
From the Methodology for Creative Problem Solving in the Field of Science and Technology, Getting Insights on the Roots of Social Problems  

(A thought before the election of the Upper House in Japan)

Toru Nakagawa (Editor of "TRIZ Home Page in Japan"; Osaka Gakuin University, Professor Emeritus),
Jun. 27, 2016

Editor's Post Note 2 (Jul. 29, 2016)
Posted in Japanese: Jun. 28; Jul. 31, 2016; in English: Aug. 6, 2016
buttons guide you to the pages written in Japanese.

Editor's Note (Toru Nakagawa, Jun. 27, 2016 (in Japanese); Aug. 4, 2016 (in English))

On the timing just before the election of the House of Councilors, I made a summary of my recent research.  A set of documents of the summary are posted here (on Jun. 28), and were already sent via post to about 250 people, whom I got acquainted with mostly before I encountered TRIZ. My recent work may be summarized as the following 3 categories.

(1) I have clarified the structure of ‘General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving (CrePS)’.

Ref. [1] The top page of my Web site: "TRIZ Home Page in Japan"   

Ref. [2] (Abstract of) TRIZCON2016 Presentation (Mar. 3-4, 2016)  (See below )

(2) For the purpose of applying the CrePS methodology to social problems, I visualized the logic of Fujita’s Book “The Low-living Elderly (LLE)” in diagrams. 

Ref. [3]  A pamphlet of 24 pages of visualized LLE diagrams. 

Ref. [4]  Diagram: “Anybody has a risk of falling into the LLE status (in the near future)”.  (See below )

(3) I critically reviewed the 82 customer reviews of the LLE book posted at the site.  Quite a number of customers have sympathies with the comment saying ‘The people who have fallen into the LLE situations are to be blamed for themselves, not the society”.  I see a serious lack of understanding of social thoughts and social ethics. 

Considering the roots of such lack of understanding, I have recognized that ‘Liberty vs. Love’ is ‘the Principal Contradiction in the Human Culture’.  Human Culture has been trying to solve the Principal Contradiction, but the contradiction has become even more complex and difficult to solve in many aspects.  As we learned in TRIZ, recognizing/understanding the contradiction first and working to solve the contradiction should be our basic/fundamental approach to social problems. 

Ref [5] ‘Liberty vs. Love’: The Principal Contradiction Inherent in the Human Culture.    (See below )


Editor's Post Note (Toru Nakagawa, Jun. 28, 2016 (before the election) (See below )

Eidtor's Post Note 2  (Toru Nakagawa, Jul. 29, 2016 (after the election) (See below )


Top of this page [2] CrePS Methodology [4] Low-living Elderly [5] Liberty vs. Love Post Note Post Note 2   Japnese page

  Ref. [2]  General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving (CrePS).

Abstract of TRIZCON2016 paper  (Mar. 2-5, 2016)       ( Ref. )

CrePS (General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving) beyond TRIZ: What, Why, and How?

This paper proposes to establish a 'General Methodology of Creative Problem Solving' (abbreviated as CrePS) and answers the three fundamental questions:

What? -- CrePS is a general methodology which integrates various methods related to creative problem solving / task achieving and is applicable widely to different types of problems in technical and non-technical areas.   The 'Six-Box Scheme' is adopted as the new basic paradigm of creative problem solving; this forms the framework of CrePS.

Why? -- Many conventional methods, including TRIZ, could not find a useful framework/paradigm of creative problem solving, and compete one another.  Thus they, even as the whole, could not respond to the big needs of the whole society, namely to solve problems and achieve tasks of various types of themes in different areas, to develop methods for such work, and to cultivate people to be capable for such work.   We need to fill such needs of the whole society with CrePS.

How? -- Using the 'Six-Box Scheme', we define a problem in the 'Real World', generate conceptual solutions to the problem in the Thinking World, and then implement the solutions in the 'Real World'.  Among the three principal processes, the central process of generating conceptual solutions in the Thinking World is the core.  For the core process, USIT (Unified Structured Inventive Thinking), which delivered the Six-Box Scheme, has been developed already and is a  model to integrate and unify various relevant methods in the Thinking World.  For the processes in the Real World, i.e., the problem definition and solution implementation processes, conventional methods should be categorized according to their application themes and areas, in order to prepare for integrating them.  By the collaborative work of researchers and promoters of various methods, CrePS  should be established, proliferated and applied widely. 

Six-Box Scheme

Expected Application Areas

Our New Target at a Higher Level

  Ref. [4]   Visualization of Fujita's "The Low-living Elderly" Book                 (Ref. )

Anybody has a risk of falling into the LLE status (in the near future)”

  Ref. [5]   'Liberty vs. Love’ is ‘the Principal Contradiction in the Human Culture’.     (Ref. )

Liberty vs. Love:
The Principal Contradiction Inherent in the Human Culture:
- Deep Bases of Thoughts Underlying the Arguments by People
on the "Low-living Elderly" Book. -
Toru Nakagawa (Osaka Gakuin University, Professor Emeritus)
TRIZ Home Page in Japan, Apr. 22, 2016 (in Japanese), Apr. 29, 2016 (in English)

0. Introduction

The present paper stems from my work to visualize the logic of Takanori Fujita's "The Low-living Elderly" Book (2015). I read the 82 customer reviews posted in the site concerning to the book, and I examined them closely. Interestingly, while many readers evaluate the book highly with 5 or 4 stars, many other readers evaluate it very poorly with 1 or 2 stars.

The author [T. Fujita] writes in the book:

"Over 20 % (about 6-7 millions) of the elderly people in Japan are now living poorly at or below the welfare level, and in future even much larger percentage of the elderly people will be in such poor situations. Poverty is caused, in spite of individuals' hard efforts, by the society systems. The Constitution declares to ensure 'healthy and cultural lives of people at the minimal level', and hence we should certainly support the low-living people (either elderly or not) with some welfare systems."

Many people [who evaluate the book poorly] criticize the book saying:

"The people who became poor because of their selfish and idle lives are not blamed for their deed, but the society is blamed instead. The book recommends people to scrounge off the social welfare, and then our country will fail financially. Welfare must take into account of people not only with good will but also with ill will, otherwise it cannot convince the people commonly. The solutions suggested by the author deny the market economy and democracy, hence they are unrealistic. Etc."

I visualized the logic of the book and wrote my own opinion reviewing the different arguments contributed by many readers. During the process, I recognized a very basic issue, underlying deeply in the people's arguments, related to social philosophy and social ethics. The issue has not been revealed well in the culture of society and hence it does not have consensus in the society and in the world.

The issue is related to ‘mutual aid in the competitive world', or 'welfare in the world of win-or-lose with individual responsibility'. Investigating its essence, I have reached the two concepts, Liberty and Love, which form the two important targets of the human culture.

The present paper clarifies that the Contradiction between Liberty and Love is the Principal Contradiction of the Human Culture. The contradiction between Liberty and Love actually contains the contradictions between Liberty and Liberty and between Love and Love. The human social structures are built in complex, hierarchical ways, including the level of individuals, the level of groups and organizations, the level of industrial enterprises, the level of countries, etc. Contradiction between Liberty and Love becomes more and more difficult issue at the higher level.

The human culture has been making much efforts for trying to reveal and solve the Contradictions between Liberty and Love, and it has revealed them to some extent but has not been successful in solving them.

********** The contents of the body are shown below only in their section headers: ***********

1. Liberty and Love: Compatible Contradiction
2. Basic Concepts for Making Liberty and Love Compatible: Ethics and Fundamental Human Rights
3. Principal Contradiction of Human Culture and its Structure
4. Competition and Win-or-Lose
5. Solutions based on Good Human Nature and Solutions based on Bad Human Nature



6. Concluding Remarks

Though I am planning to write some more extensions, I would like to close this working paper here for summarizing the important propositions so far described.

(1) The Human Culture takes Liberty as its First Principle and pursues for extending it. Liberty is for every person to decide, to act, and to live for oneself. Liberty aims at Winning various, natural or social, Competitions. Liberty of a person necessarily collides (Contradicts) with Liberty of another person.

(2) The Human Culture takes Love as its Second Principle and pursues for spreading it widely. Love is for every person to help and protect one's children and one's family. Love aims at Self-controlling one's Liberty and at eliminating collisions among Liberty in one's Family. Love, for helping and protecting the Family (or Insiders), tries to counter the (attacking) actions from Outsiders. Considering the Family (or Insiders) as a social Activity Unit, Love generates Liberty and Competition at a higher social level.

(3) The Human Culture has been extending the two Principal Principles, i.e., Liberty and Love, and has been seeking for how to use these two often-contradicting Principles in compatible and appropriate ways. Liberty vs. Love is named the Principal Contradiction of Human Culture, in the present paper.

(4) As the guidelines for containing and motivating both Liberty and Love and coordinating them, the Human Culture has been acquiring Ethics, i.e., Moral, Conscience, in plain words. The core part of Ethics is supposedly installed already in our DNA; and for the same reason it is too obvious and difficult to write it down clearly. The concept of Fundamental Human Rights is a part of Ethics stated clearly.

(5) Throughout the history of Human Culture, Humans have been trying to extend the two Principal Principles, Liberty and Love, and to resolve the Principal Contradictions between them, i.e., Liberty vs. Love. Human Culture has developed to build various Social Systems. The issue of Resolving the Principal Contradiction, however, has become more and more complex and difficult.

(6) The first reason for causing such difficulties is that the Social Systems have been built so many, so multi-layered, so large in scale, and so complexly connected, and hence the reality and ideals (or Guidelines) of Liberty, Love, and Ethics for various Social Systems have not been made clear yet and understood commonly in the world. The second reason for difficulties is the actual situations where even though the Guidelines of Liberty, Love, and (social) Ethics were made clear, many individuals and social organizations insist on their own interests (i.e., Liberty) and take actions not in accordance with Ethics, and actually become Social Winners. And such actions and organizations, from very small to very large in the scale, exist everywhere in the World and have their own histories accumulated in many layers.

(7) As is summarized above, the present paper have found the concepts of Principal Principles and Principal Contradiction lying deep at the root of Human Culture and described the framework structure of them.

Further, in the near future, the present author wishes to investigate the real situations and conceptual directions of Liberty, Love, and Ethics for Social Systems in different levels.

Such investigation will certainly build sound bases for revealing the problems of Poverty in the society and guidelines for improving Welfare and for further changing the Society, which are the issues addressed at since the beginning of this research.


Editor’s Post Note (Jun. 28, 2016):  I think that the current Abe Shinzo’s government is enlarging the disparity and making the poverty problems severer.  I think that we should vote the coming election for preventing Abe and his follower parties from getting the two thirds seats at the Upper House.  Keeping the Peace Principle in our Constitution is most important for Japan (as well as for the World) in future.

Editor’s Post Note 2. (Jul. 31, 2016):  As the results of the Jul. 11 election, Abe and his follower parties, either promoting or tolerating the change of the Constitution, obtained just two thirds seats at the Upper House.  This is an alarming situation.

Concerning to the future directions of Japan, the whole range of problems should be considered carefully along the basic process of creative problem solving, and some consistent solution proposals should be constructed and shown clearly to all the people in Japan.  Such process of work should be done by the government and by various parties and groups including the opposing/reforming people.  For handling wide-ranged and voluminous information and showing the logic of the proposals/solutions clearly in the form easy to understand and useful for discussions, the visualization of the logic is an useful method, I believe. 

--- At the present critical stage, I believe that we should proceed step by step, being aware of the coming crisis, overcoming pessimisms/giving-up, conscious and devoting for better society, and anticipating the future, together with many people.!  


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